Justice and Law Enforcement Biometrics
Biometrics technology authenticates an individual’s identity automatically, and has several useful applications within Justice and Law Enforcement. Biometric technology has the ability to recognize fingerprint, iris, voice, facial recognition, hand, palm or skin. Biometric authentication is greatly superior to card, token or password systems which can be stolen or counterfeited.
In the field of Justice and Law Enforcement applications include Prison administration and bookings, crime scene identification and national identity programs. Biometric technology can also function as access control. Biometric technology is especially useful as its hardware is often configurable with existing databases and infrastructure.
Biometric technology is used in Justice and Law Enforcement because of the enormous capabilities of its automated (as opposed to manual) software. Sensitive information can be identified using regional or national databases and compared with multiple other platforms for superior authentication.
Advanced fingerprinting technology is the largest market of Biometrics within Justice and Law Enforcement. Law enforcement agencies globally are rapidly expanding to utilize digital fingerprinting systems over traditional ink on paper methods, to save time and cut costs. The booking process can be shortened by hours per arrest, as digital prints can be checked and cross-referenced with multiple databases in a matter of hours, instead of months.
The most common process used in biometric fingerprinting is Automatic Fingerprint Identification, which matches a fingerprint taken with a print from a database. The second most common process is Automatic Fingerprint Verification, which reads features of the fingerprint and matches it to the most similar print.
Biometrics technology is also applicable in analyzing crime scenes, through fingerprint capture technology. This technology can capture, with a reasonable degree of accuracy prints and compare them against databases for identification.
Portable biometric identity management technology is an immerging application within Justice and Law Enforcement. Portable technology provides fingerprint readers, drivers licence and mug shot verifications, which can be done roadside.
Facial recognition technology uses facial features to compile profiles of individuals and compare them against existing databases. Mug shot recognition technology, which matches an individual’s face to the mug shot database, is extremely useful. This technology can be used remotely, and can even provide a virtual ‘line up’ application if witness authentication is needed.
Speech recognition solutions are common in Justice and Law Enforcement due to the advantage they provide identifying audio samples, and comparing them against known criminal profiles. Biometric technology also provides accurate court transcription systems, facilitating the documenting of legal proceedings.
Access control using multi-modal biometric technology is now also common in courthouses, allowing easy and accurate management of personnel, lawyers, offenders and witnesses.
Biometric technology can be applied in multiple other fields of Justice and Law Enforcement, or whenever identification is needed. Biometrics can be used to verify an individual’s identity when purchasing a weapon, referencing an identity to prevent check cashing fraud or even to capture prints at a pawn shop to track the sale of stolen goods.
Biometric technology provides transaction, data and web security when operating within databases as well as remote access to resources with mobile technology.
See the vendors below to find biometric technology used in Justice and Law Enforcement and the strategic advantages of security and reliability they present.